- Fluoride removal cartridge available
Bacteria and Amoebas
Suspended Solids and Heavy metals
Chlorine is a powerful oxidant that is used in bleaching and disinfectants. Chlorine is a toxic gas that irritates the respiratory system. Chlorine gas has also been used by insurgents against the local population and coalition forces in the Iraq War in the form of Chlorine bombs. The process of disinfecting water with chlorine and chloramines and other types of disinfectants generates a class of compounds in the water that are called disinfection by-products. The disinfectant reacts with the organic material in the water and generates hundreds of different compounds. Some of these are toxic, some can cause birth defects, some are genotoxic, which damage DNA, and some are also carcinogenic.
Pesticides are used in agriculture to kill pests, are associated with acute health such as abdominal pain, dizziness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, as well as skin and eye problems. Additionally, many studies have indicated that pesticide exposure is associated with long-term health problems such as respiratory problems, memory disorders, dermatologic conditions, cancer, depression, neurological deficits, miscarriages and birth defects.
Trihalomethanes, (THMs) are also environmental pollutants, and many are considered carcinogenic.Trihalomethanes are formed as a by-product when chlorine or bromine is used to disinfect water for drinking (commonly known as disinfection by-products). They result from the reaction of chlorine and/or bromine with organic matter in the water being treated. The THMs produced may have adverse health effects at high concentrations, and many governments set limits on the amount permissible in drinking water. Galway’s water is way over the acceptable level.
Bacteria and Amoebas
Cryptosporidiosis, also known as crypto is a parasitic disease caused by Cryptosporidium. It affects the intestines and is typically an acute short-term infection. It is spread through the fecal-oral route, often through contaminated water. The main symptom is self-limiting diarrhoea in people with intact immune systems. In immunocompromised individuals, such as patients undergoing chemotherapy, the symptoms are particularly severe and often fatal. Cryptosporidium is highly resistant to chlorine disinfection. Contamination is a direct result of animal or human waste being discharged upstream and an inadequate water treatment plant.
E–Coli (Escherichia) is a bacteria that can cause serious food poisoning in humans. The presence of E coli can be due to a number of possible causes from inadequate disinfection to a burst pipe.
Giardia is a parasite that colonises and reproduces in the small intestine, causing giardiasis. Stools become greasy and malodorous. Upper GI symptoms including nausea, early satiety, bloating, substernal burning, egg-smelling halitosis, and acid indigestion may be exacerbated by eating. Contaminated water supplies, such as water in rivers and lakes and improperly treated water in developing countries, are also reservoirs of the waterborne cysts. Whilst developing countries are associated with giardia, the prevalence rates in developed countries are still 2-7%.
Water fluoridation involves artificially adjusting fluoride levels in drinking water supplies by adding inorganic compounds such as sodium fluoride, sodium fluorosilicate, or fluorosilicic acid. These are not naturally occurring. They are arguably, not only not beneficial to health, but are actually detrimental. This fluoride is a waste product of “Big Industry”. Flourosilicic acid
Fluoride removal cartridge also available. At Carahealth we specialise in Flouride removal since 2006.
Fluorosilicic acid is the most corrosive chemical agent known to man. It is derived from toxic gases produced in the manufacture of phosphoric acid and phosphate fertilizers. The fluorosilicic acid is recovered from chimney pollution scrubbers as a substance known as scrubber liquor. It contains lead, mercury, arsenic, and high concentrations of radionucleides, hence it is radioactive. The form of fluoride added to Irish drinking water is also fluorosilicic acid.
Suspended solids & heavy metals
Mercury is a liquid metal. Electrical products such as dry-cell batteries, fluorescent light bulbs, switches, and other control equipment account for 50% of mercury used. Mercury releases are primarily from chemical and allied industries. Case control studies have shown effects such as tremors, impaired cognitive skills, and sleep disturbance in workers with chronic exposure to mercury vapour even at low concentrations in the range. Acute exposure to mercury vapour has been shown to result in profound central nervous system effects, including psychotic reactions characterized by delirium, hallucinations, and suicidal tendency.
Lead is used in building construction, lead-acid batteries, bullets and shot weights. Like mercury, another heavy metal, lead is a potent neurotoxin that accumulates in soft tissues and bone over time. Lead poisoning was documented in ancient Rome, Greece, and China. The effects of lead are the same whether it enters the body through breathing or swallowing. Lead can affect almost every organ and system in the body. The main target for lead toxicity is the nervous system, both in adults and children. Long-term exposure of adults can damage the nervous system. Lead exposure also causes small increases in blood pressure, particularly in middle-aged and older people and can cause anaemia. Exposure to high lead levels can severely damage the brain and kidneys in adults or children and ultimately cause death. In pregnant women, high levels of exposure to lead may cause miscarriage. Chronic, high-level exposure in men can damage the organs responsible for sperm production.The concern about lead's role in cognitive deficits in children has brought about widespread reduction in its use (lead exposure has been linked to learning disabilities. Lead enters the water (“leaches”) through contact with the plumbing. Lead leaches into water through corrosion of lead and copper pipes, solder, fixtures and faucets (brass).
Cadmium compounds were used to stabilise plastic. With the exception of its use in nickel-cadmium batteries, the use of cadmium is generally decreasing. due to the high toxicity and the associated health and environmental concerns. Cadmium poisoning is an occupational hazard associated with industrial processes such as metal plating and the production of nickel-cadmium batteries, pigments, plastics, and other synthetics. Inhalation of cadmium-containing fumes can result initially in metal fume fever but may progress to chemical pneumonitis, pulmonary oedema, and death. Cadmium and several cadmium-containing compounds are known carcinogens and can induce many types of cancer. In particular, cadmium can be released to drinking water from the corrosion of some galvanized plumbing and water main pipe materials.
Carina is available to lecture for your group or institution on this subject.
Carina Harkin BHSc.Nat.BHSc.Hom.BHSc.Acu. is a practitioner of 11 years, complementary medicine lecturer of 4 years and mother of six in Galway, Ireland who practices what she teaches.
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