Insulin Resistance/Metabolic Syndrome & Heart Disease/Diabetes
Insulin resistance (IR) is the condition in which normal amounts of insulin are inadequate to produce a normal insulin response from fat, muscle, and liver cells. Insulin resistance (IR) is a prominent pathophysiologic component in a myriad of metabolic disorders, including obesity, prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus. People who develop type 2 diabetes have earlier stages of insulin resistance and prediabetes, although often undiagnosed. Insulin resistance is a syndrome (a set of signs and symptoms) resulting from reduced insulin activity; it is also part of a larger constellation of symptoms called the metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome includes at least three of the five following medical conditions: abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high serum triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Herbal medicine, nutritional supplementation, dietary and lifestyle approaches can improve insulin sensitivity to treat insulin resistance without the use of pharmacological drugs.